The first weaving rows used to create an even spread of the warp threads while weaving. It is often used when making rugs, placemets and tapestry’s to strenghten the edge. You can remove the heading when taking the finished weaving project from your loom.
Our weaving looms include a heddle bar. This is the component you can find in the middle of your weaving loom that is used to shed the warp threads more easily. Each warp thread will need to go through a separate slot in the heddle bar before you start weaving.
The opening in a heddle for threading a warp end.
Inlay / Laid-in / Brocading
Inlay is when designs are created on top of a plain woven fabric by use of a second or supplementary weft. Discontinuous inlay is when the supplemental weft is used in certain areas only, and continuous inlay is when the supplemental weft moves across the cloth from selvage to selvage (pick-up weaves).
A loom with jacks below the shafts to push the shafts up, or on top of the loom and attached to pull the shafts up. When a shed is made, some shafts rise and the other shafts remain down by their own weight, as they are not tied to anything which would keep them down.
A lap loom is typically a smaller sized loom that can be used on your lap while seated.
Horizontal wooden lever sticks which attach the treadles to the shafts.
Flat, thin, smooth, wooden sticks which are inserted into the cross (or lease) in the warp to keep the correct order of threads.
Wooden or metal handles on table looms used for making a shed.
A loom is a supporting structure that is used to weave on. It will hold the warp threads for you while you are weaving. If the weave is finished, it can be removed from the loom and support itself without falling apart.
There are many different types of looms. The most common is the frame loom, which has a rectangular shape and is often made out of wood. It’s popularity mainly comes from the fact that it is the most affordable model and best to learn the basics of loom weaving. Other models you might come across are the rigid-heddle loom, lap loom, and inkle loom
A long metal needle with a bended tip and big eye. The bended tip helps to guide your yarn through the warp threads.
A catch device attached to the loom frame which falls to catch into a ratchet tooth to keep the ratchet from rotating.
This weave requires two shuttles, two wefts, and often different colors or threads. The pattern is usually threaded or treadled differently from plain weave.
This is the simplest weaving technique for beginners. To create this pattern, the weft thread needs to alternatively go over and under the warp thread without skipping any threads.
Sometimes the plain weave is also referred to as linen or tabby weave. It creates a sturdy and long-lasting fabric.
PPI is the weaving terminology for the picks per inch: the number of wefts per inch.
Ply is a unit of measure, the count of individual threads, strings used in making a string, yarn, thread, cord or rope. To ply is the act of twisting yarns, thread, cord or rope to make a large strand.
A short draft where one square represents two or more threads, usually one unit or one block.
A paper or cardboard tube on which weft threads are wound for use in a boat shuttle.
A long, flat, narrow piece of wood with nails or metal pins every 1/4″ or 2”, used to spread the warp evenly for beaming the warp onto the warp beam.
A toothed wheel placed at the end of cloth and warp beams which is held by a pawl to keep the beam from rotating.
The reed is a piece of equipment used in a shaft loom. It looks similar to a rigid-heddle without any holes. It is used to keep a steady width between the warp threads and for beating the weft. But due to the absence of dents, it can’t shed the warp threads. Sometimes the words “reed” and “rigid-heddle” are used interchangeably because the serve some similar functions.
This is a type of loom that uses a rigid-heddle to make the shed. The rigid-heddle can be used to spread the warp threads evenly and beat the weft as well.
A description of a shed on a loom where the shafts rise.
A single strand made from multiple cords.
The woven edge of a fabric is called selvage. A selvage is also called the “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying. The term “self-finished” means that the edge does not require additional finishing work, such as hem or bias tape, to prevent fraying. On your weaving loom your selvage are the right and left ends of your weaving project.
The extensions of the weft beyond the selvage. You create selvage loops when your weft tension is too loose.
Weaving terminology for the number of warp threads per inch.
Shaft / Harness
A frame or two sticks with heddles which moves up and down to form sheds.
The shed is the opening created on the loom where the weft passes. It is the seperation between the upper and lower warp (vertical) threads. While weaving, the warp threads are alternatingly separated in two different sets; the upper set and the lower set. If you separate these two sets you can pass the weft thread through the warp in one go using a shuttle. This speeds up the process and makes weaving much easier.
If you use one of our looms the heddle bar can be used to create a shed.
Shot / Pick
The shot is a single pass of weft through the shed.
The weaving shuttle is a tool, typically wooden, used to hold the weft thread while weaving. A shuttle can come in different shapes. We include shuttle sticks with our weaving looms. You may also find boat shuttles, ski shuttles, inkle shuttles and band loom shuttles in your local craft shop.
A horizontal beam in front of the reed, attached to the beater on which the fly shuttle glides. Jack looms also have shuttle races to support the shuttle, as the warp tension is looser than on other looms.
A shuttle with upturned ends which is used for rug weaving.
Passing the warp ends through the dents in the reed.
A small flat tool with a hook used to pull the warp ends through the reed.
Stick shuttle / Flat shuttle
A smooth flat stick to wind weft threads for weaving.
A single strand made of multiple twisted threads.
An adjustable frame for holding a skein of yarn.
The amount that the warp shortens in length due to the undulation caused by the weaving.
Adjustable wooden or metal bar with sharp points placed on the woven web to keep the width constant and the sett the same across the web.
The twill weave creates distinct diagonal lines through the weave. To create this effect, the weft thread needs to go over two warp thread and then under two warp threads. On the next row, you then offset the pattern by one thread to create the diagonal lines.
The twill weave is also used to make Denim, so when you take a close look at your jeans you’ll get an idea of how it looks like.
Threading / drawing in
Drawing the warp threads through the eyes of the heddles.
Instructions for threading heddles on a loom.
A small tool with a thin narrow hook used to pull the warp ends through the heddle eyes.
Foot petals used to move the shafts to make a shed.
Unwoven warp left when the last woven piece is cut from the loom. It is called loom waste when planning warps.
The tying or connecting of cords to parts of the loom to hang the shafts, lamms and/or treadles. Tie-up also refer to instructions for tying up treadles on a loom, indicating which shafts rise and which sink.
Instructions for treadling a weave structure.
Each individual warp thread in a fabric is called a warp end or end.
A frame with wooden pegs for measuring short warps.
Large adjustable revolving frame for winding warps.
The warp thread is the thread that is strung over the loom vertically. This thread holds the tension while you weave and it is the backbone of your weave. It is important that this thread is very strong.
Warp and weft is probably weaving terminology you’ll learn with your first project ;-).
Typically a long needle with a big eye which you can for a weaving your weft yarn into the warp thread.
The weaver’s knot is the smallest knot that you can make to connect two threads together. This is our preferred way to repair broken warp ends or to connect two weft threads when you run out of thread or want to change color. This knot is relatively flat, so it requires minimal attention.
The weft thread is the horizontal thread in your weaving project. You weave this between and over your warp threads. It creates the pattern of your weaving project.
A different word to say plain weave. The easiest weaving technique in which you go up and down through your warp threads. A tabby can also be used as ground weave for a pattern weave.
Tromp as writ (as drawn in)
Treadle the weave the same way the threading is written.
A twisted thread made from fiber.